ADHD is…

  • A neurological, biological, developmental disorder
  • ADHD is a familial, genetic condition.  ADHD is prevalent in all age groups with approximately 5-9% of children, 6% of adolescents, and 4.4% of adults being symptomatic for ADHD.
  • A condition that is a combination of symptoms and behaviours that can range from mild to severe, dependent on the genetic loading and environmental factors.
  • A disorder that affects areas of the brain and neuro-chemicals that causes symptoms and challenges for ADHD people.
  • These challenges can effect: school, work, learning, relationships, regulating of behaviour, self-esteem and safety.These challenges are a result from being easily distracted, having difficulty regulating attention and sustaining focus.  Also, some individuals find it difficult to control restless and hyperactive symptoms and/or are impulsive with words or actions.
  • A disorder that effects 5-9% of school age children with around 65% that continue to show difficulty in adulthood.
  • There are three types of ADHD according to the DSM IV diagnostic manual:
  1. Inattentive type
  2. Hyperactive/Impulsive Type
  3. Combined Type.
  •  These are currently being redefined with some changes made to reflect the Adult ADHD diagnosis and symptoms for the DSM V manual which will be published in 2012.


ADHD Symptoms… “It’s all about dysregulation”

  • ADHD is associated with a number of symptoms such as rapid boredom with repetitive tasks; a loss of concentration during lengthy tasks; an inability to complete routine tasks or school/work assignments/tasks without supervision; shifting from one activity to another without completion of original task; an inability to stop and think before acting or speaking (reactive to stimuli) and may be fidgety or hyperactive.
  • Individuals with ADHD can focus and pay attention when interested and stimulated by their environment, in fact hyper-focusing can also be a challenge as the ADHD individual will not easily transition to other activities when they are interested in an activity or task. The functional challenge of people with ADHD is  being able to regulate and control the attention and distractions . This is why individuals with ADHD can present with inconsistent behaviour and work performance.
  • Working memory and executive function can also be affected which presents with difficulty with recall in learning, retention, comprehension, organization and instructions.
  • Difficulties with inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity may also arise as a result of other factors in the environment.  These environmental factors, such as exposure to alcohol, nicotine or other toxic substances (e.g. cocaine, heroin, marijuana) during pregnancy, lead poisoning, encephalitis or head injury can also present with issues around focusing, distractibility, and hyperactivity.

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Phone: 604 889-6578

#370 2025 West 42nd Ave
Vancouver, BC V6M 2B5

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